From the archive of struggle, no.39: Trotsky in Glasgow special feature

This week’s feature archive is the University of Glasgow’s Special Collections. Specifically, I will focus on the Leon Trotsky Virtual Exhibition. To be honest, it is not a particularly good example of an on-line exhibition in terms of informativeness (although their is a chronology of the Old Man’s life) or zip, but it has some great examples of cover art, and certainly lots of stuff I’d like to look at. Here are some features. (All hyperlinks in the text below and all text in square brackets added by me – Poumista.)

Cours nouveau
Paris: 1924
Sp Coll Trotsky F73.12Edited and translated by Boris Souvarine, this is a French translation of Novyi kurs (New course), a work which grew out of a series of articles in Pravda in December 1923. An English translation of this work did not appear until 1943.

[In this text, Trotsky criticised the bureaucratisation of the Party, the violation of democracy and the failure to develop adequate economic planning. It marked the start of an open conflict with Stalin, prior to Lenin’s death. For his support for Trostky, Souvarine was removed from his official roles within the PCF in early 1924, and was expelled by the Comintern in July. I am not sure whether this publication was before his expulsion or afterwards, nor who published it.]



Mijn leven [My Life]
Amsterdam: Querido, 1930
Sp Coll Trotsky D88.18. The first German, Russian, English and Dutch editions of Trotsky’s famous autobiography.

[English text here (or very large pdf here). I like the modernist graphic style of this Dutch edition. -P.]



La revolution Trahie
Traduit de Russe par Victor Serge. 13e Edition.
Paris: Grasset, 1936
Sp Coll Trotsky F73.91

La revolution traicionada
Version Castellana del autor.
Buenos Aires: Claridad, 1938
Sp Coll Trotsky S62.249The Revolution Betrayed, Trotsky’s Marxist analysis of what happened to the Russian Revolution after the death of Lenin, translated into French and Portugese.

[Text in Catalan.]



Su moral y la nuestra
Mexico: Ediciones de Clave, 1939
Sp Coll Trotsky S62.213The first Spanish edition of Ikh moral I nasha (Their morals and ours) [1938], perhaps the most striking statement by a Marxist on ethics.

[Buy here!]


A review and some perspectives
Translated from the Russian by J. Fineberg
Moscow: Communist International, 1921
Sp Coll Trotsky E64.129 The first English edition of this work. Trotsky’s preface is dated 1919.


[Note:I think this is the text known as Results and Prospects (1906), in which Trotsky develops the notion of “permanent revolution”. This edition was when Trotsky was very much part of the emerging Bolshevik/Communist orthodoxy.

Joe Fineberg was a working class East Londoner active in the Social Democratic Federation/British Socialist Party, and its Bund-affiliated Jewish section before becoming part of the new CPGB, for whom he was a key connection to the Comintern. -P.]



The Bolsheviki and world peace
New York: Boni & Liveright, 1918
Sp Coll Trotsky U72.11[As featured last week. -P.]

War or revolution
Glasgow: Socialist Labour Press, 1918
Sp Coll Trotsky E64.174 Three editions (the last much abbreviated) of Trotsky’s statement of his anti-war policy. The US edition is said to have exerted a direct influence on President Wilson in the formulation of the Fourteen Points. [This Scottish edition is published by the SLP, the De Leonist group who were close to Bolshevism in 1918, but eventually chose to stay outside the CPGB. -P.]


Mon exil
Brussels: Editions du Groupe Communiste d’Opposition Belge, 1929.
Sp Coll Trotsky F73.112A French translation of Chto I kak proizoshlo? (What and how it happened), explaining the circumstances of his exile from the Soviet Union.


[Here for its cool modernist graphic style, as with the Dutch Mijn leven above (must be a Benelux thing).

According to the bookseller Bernard Quaritch, who is selling a copy:

Paris, Navarre, 1929. Small 8vo, pp. 83, [1] contents; a fine, clean copy in recent cloth, the original printed wrappers preserved. First edition of these six articles written ‘for the world bourgeois press’. After Lenin’s death in 1924, Trotsky’s (1879–1940) position weakened as Stalin’s grew stronger. He was removed as Commissar for War in 1925, sent to Alma Ata in 1928, and exiled to Turkey in 1929 after, according to this book, Stalin had arranged that Germany, where he wished to go, would not admit him. This collection reprints articles written for Western newspapers or journals (reports soon appeared in, i.a., the Daily Express, Die Aktion and Le Communiste) to explain his break with Stalin. Also included are two letters: the first addressed to the Central Committee shortly before his exile and the second dated 27 March 1929 from Constantinople, addressed to the workers of the USSR. The editorial preface states that the articles were written to substitute truth for the lies, sensationalism and calumny spread by Stalin.Throughout his life Trotsky was an indefatigable polemicist. He arrived in Constantinople in February 1929 moving into a house there in early March. The first article included here describes the distressing physical conditions of the transport which took him to exile and the circumstances of his arrival in Turkey.

According to Monica Greenleaf and Josh Walker of Stanford:

Lev Trotsky (1879-1940) wrote this anti-Stalin letter in lemon juice during his exile in Kazakhstan, December, 1928, in the margins of a favorite book: The Diary of Aleksandr Blok, 1917-1921. Blok (1880-1921) was a Symbolist whose famous poems The Scythians and The Twelve had ushered in the Revolution. The diary captured his hopes and aspirations for the new Soviet state as well as his eventual disillusionment and mental decline (he died of heart failure caused by malnutrition in Petrograd on August 7, 1921). Perhaps to further the sense that it was just a good book that he wanted to pass on, Trotsky demarked passages in red pencil. They successfully passed the scrutiny of the censors and mail-readers en route to a publisher in France where the pages were ironed and the words rendered visible for transcription and publication. The functions of the handwriting here are to convey a readable text (legibility being critical) and to confirm the writer’s identity (that it is Trotsky’s handwriting). Ironically, the treasured volume of Blok was reduced to a vehicle for the subversive manuscript; the printed words of the past offered a wall for the handwriting of the future. was first published in Russian in the pamphlet Chto i kak proizoshlo? (Paris, 1929), and in English in The Militant (April 1, 1929)]



The strategy of the world revolution
New York: Communist League of America, 1930
Sp Coll Trotsky U72.173A critical commentary on the Draft programme [of the Communist International] drawn up by Bukharin and Stalin before the Sixth Congress of the Communist International. lt was sent to the Congress, but was never distributed to delegates or discussed. A copy, however, was secretly smuggled to the West by James Cannon and Maurice Spector. The German and first and second US editions are shown above. The US editions feature introductions from Cannon and Max Schachtman respectively.



La “troisième période” d’erreurs de I’Internationale Communiste
Paris: Libraire du Travail, 1930.
Sp Coll Trotsky F73.174From the Bibiliothèqué de l’Opposition Communiste series. The Libraire du Travail imprint published several works by Trotsky, as well as others, including Victor Serge and Rosa Luxemburg.


De Octubre rojo a mi destierro: ensayosMadrid: Zeus, 1931
Sp Coll Trotsky S62.247 An unauthorised compilation of four of Trotsky’s writings, translated by German Gomez de la Mata (i.e. Jorge Gorkin). The title is translated as From Red October to my exile.


[Extract here. I am curious about this. Who is Jorge Gorkin? Any relation to Julián Gorkin? -P.]


Trotsky on the ILP
Sp Coll Trotsky E64.238Typescript carbon of an interview with Trotsky conducted by ‘Robertson’ (E Bimey) in Norway, 1935, on the nature of the Independent Labour Party.


[Robertson was actually Earle Birney, Canadian Trotskyist, then in the Marxist League. For details, see Martin Upham. -P.]


The case of Leon Trotsky: report of hearings on the charges made against him at the Moscow Trials
London: Secker & Warburg, 1937
Sp Coll Trotsky 1The report of the commission set up to inquire into the charges made against Trotsky in the Moscow trials. It was headed by the American philosopher John Dewey and after nine months of deliberation, issued its findings, which established Trotsky’s innocence.


[Secker and Warburg were important in this period for publishing the anti-Stalinist left, including Rudolf Rocker, George Orwell and CLR James. They were the main rival to the Stalinist fellow travellers at Victor Gollancz, who published the Left Book Club. -P.]


De Lenine à Staline
Crapouiillot, Numéro spécial, January 1937
Sp Coll Trotsky Pers
A special edition of the French magazine, written by Victor Serge. It was also published as a book in English by Pioneer Publishers, New York in the same year (Sp Coll Trotsky 119).


[The American edition was translated by Ralph Manheim.]


As well as all this Trotskyana, the Collections have a nice Book of the Month feature. Of interest there was March 2008 Japanese Prints of the Russo-Japanese War (Japan: 1903-1904) Sp Coll e159:


Battle of Port Arthur. The subtitle noted Nishiki-e of the traditional technique. (plate 41, February 1904)

And August 2006 Francisco de Goya y Lucientes Los Caprichos (Madrid:1799) Sp Coll S.M. 1946, part of a larger Hispanica collection:

Capricho 43: “El sueño de la razon produce monstruos” (The sleep of reason produces monsters)  The author lies  asleep at his desk while monsters conjured from his dreams swirl around his head.
Capricho 43: “El sueño de la razon produce monstruos” (The sleep of reason produces monsters)

Moving on:

From the Archive of Struggle no.39.

As I have not done this for a while, Entdinlichung has done two of his Sozialistika posts in the meantime (1,2), so I’ve stolen from them.

La Bataille Socialiste:

* Simon Rubak: La grève des services publics (1946)
* Julius Martov: Le Marxisme en Russie (1908)
* Jules Guesde: Le livre rouge de la justice rurale (1871, pdf-Datei)
* Friedrich Engels: De l’autorité (1873, pdf-Datei)
* Jules Guesde: Collectivisme et Révolution (1879, pdf-Datei)
* Jules Guesde: Services publics et socialisme (1884, pdf-Datei)
* Socialist Labor Party (SLP): The Situation in New York City (1889, pdf-Datei)
* Jules Guesde: En garde ! Contre les contrefaçons, les mirages et la fausse monnaie des réformes bourgeoises (1911, pdf-Datei)
* Industrial Workers of the World (IWW): Reply to the Red Trade Union International (1911, pdf-Datei)
* Bulletin communiste, 1/1927 (pdf-Datei)
* La Batalla, N°75 (1932, pdf-Datei)
* La Batalla, N°127 (1935, pdf-Datei)
* Columna Durruti: El problema de la militarización (1937, pdf-Datei)
* Grandizo Munis: 1937-02 Errores y particularidades del POUM (1937, pdf-Datei)
* Democracia socialista, N°10 (1959, pdf-Datei)
* Democracia socialista, N°11 (1960, pdf-Datei)
* Democracia socialista, N°12 (1960, pdf-Datei)
* Madeleine Rébérioux: Guesdisme et culture politique: recherches sur l’Encyclopédie socialiste de Compère-Morel (1976, pdf-Datei)
* Michel Dreyfus: Bureau de Paris et bureau de Londres: le socialisme de gauche en Europe entre les deux guerres (1980, pdf-Datei)
* Christian Delporte: Les jeunesses socialistes dans l’entre-deux-guerres (1991, pdf-Datei)
* World Socialist Party (USA): The U.S.S.R. and Leninism: This Is Not Socialism, (2003, pdf-Datei)

* Marceau Pivert: ¡Fascismo o Socialismo! (1937)
* Marceau Pivert: Frankreich und Deutschland – Morgen (1944)
* International Bureau for Revolutionary Socialist Unity: A Lead to Word Socialism. On Spain, War, Fascism, Imperialism (1936)
* Rosa Luxemburg: L’impérialisme français en Algérie (1913)
* Images du Bund
* Maurice Rajsfus: Il y a cent ans, la naissance de la SFIO (2005)

Marxists Internet Archive (MIA):

* Anton Pannekoek: Anthropogenesis – A Study of the Origin of Man (1944)

* Max Shachtman: Vänsteroppositionens tio år: Dess historia och principer (1933)

* Pierre Broué: Los trotskistas en las URSS (1929 – 1938) (1980)


* El 15 de Noviembre de 1922 y el papel de los anarquistas en el seno de la clase obrera ecuatoriana


* London Anti-Fascist Action (AFA): Filling The Vacuum (1995)
* Karl Korsch: Some fundamental presuppositions for a materialist discussion of crisis theory (1933)
* Liz Willis: Women in the Spanish revolution (1975)
* Black & Red Detroit: Wildcat: Dodge Truck June 1974 (1974?)
* Gary Hill: Anatomy of an Industrial Struggle: Chrysler Factory at Tonsley Park in Adelaide 1976-1978 (~ 1979)
* Sergio Bologna: Money and Crisis: Marx as Correspondent of the New York Daily Tribune, 1856-57 (1973)
* Solidarity: Spartakism to National Bolshevism – the K.P.D. 1918-24 (1970)
* Peter Rachleff: Working-class activity and councils – Germany 1918‑1923 (1976)
* Fredy Perlman’s views on the Situationists’ membership criteria (1989)
* William Morris: Useful Work versus Useless Toil (1884)

* Dan Georgakas: Young Detroit Radicals 1955-1965 (1981)
* TPTG: Mexico is not only Chiapas nor is the rebellion in Chiapas merely a Mexican affair (1995)
* Eddy Cherki/Michel Wieviorka: Autoreduction movements in Turin, 1974 (1980)
* Branko Pribićević: The Shop Stewards’ Movement and Workers’ Control 1910-1922 (1959)
* J T Murphy: The Workers’ Committee An Outline of its Principles and Structure (1917)

Workers’ Liberty:

* Sean Matgamna: The fall of Stalinism in Eastern Europe (1990-1992, neu ediert 2009)

The Anarchist Library:

* Albert Lévy: Stirner and Nietzsche (1904)
* Georges Bataille: The Sacred Conspiracy (1936)

The Militant:

* Farrell Dobbs: Fighting for a class-struggle course in the unions (1973)

* Petr Kropotkin: The conquest of bread (1907)
* Friedrich Engels: Socialism, Utopian and Scientific (1880/1908)
* Debs, his life, writings and speeches : with a department of appreciations (1910)
* Friedrich Engels: Landmarks of scientific socialism : „anti-Duehring“ (1877/78, englische Ausgabe von 1907)
* Leo Trotzki: Dictatorship vs. democracy (Terrorism and communism) a reply to Karl Kautsky, by Leon Trotsky [pseud.] With a preface by H. N. Brailsford, and a foreword by Max Bedact (1922)
* The socialism of to-day; a source-book of the present position and recent development of the socialist and labor parties in all countries, consisting mainly of original documents (1916)
* Upton Sinclair: The industrial republic; a study of the America of ten years hence (1907)
* Morris Hillquit/John Ryan: Socialism; promise or menace? (1914)
* Morris Hillquit: Socialism summed up (1913)
* Bertrand Russell: Proposed roads to freedom; socialism, anarchism, and syndicalism (1919)

* Ernest Ames: The revolution in the Baltic Provinces of Russia; a brief account of the activity of the Lettish Social democratic workers’ party, by an active member (1907)
* Petr Lavrov/S. Stepniak: Underground Russia; revolutionary profiles and sketches from life (1883)
* Leo Trotzki/Moissaye Olgin : Our revolution; essays on working-class and international revolution, 1904-1917 (1918)
* Maxim Litvinov: The Bolshevik revolution: its rise and meaning (1919)
* Lewis Henry Berens: The Digger movement in the days of the Commonwealth, as revealed in the writings of Gerrard Winstanley, the Digger, mystic, and rationalist, communist and social reformer (1906)
* Bertram Wolfe: Things we want to know (1934)
* Socialist Party of America (SPA): Manifesto of the Socialist Party; adopted by national convention, Machinists’ Hall, Chicago, September 4, 1919. (1919)
* Ernest Balfour Bax: Reminiscences and reflexions of a mid and late Victorian (1918)
* Margaret Pease: Jean Jaurès, socialist and humanitarian (1917)
* George Herbert Perris: Russia in revolution (1905)

Rustbelt Radical:

* James Connolly: We Only Want the Earth! (1907)

La revolution Trahie

Traduit de Russe par Victor Serge. 13e Edition.
Paris: Grasset, 1936
Sp Coll Trotsky F73.91

La revolution traicionada

Version Castellana del autor.
Buenos Aires: Claridad, 1938
Sp Coll Trotsky S62.249The Revolution Betrayed, Trotsky’s Marxist analysis of what happened to the Russian Revolution after the death of Lenin, translated into French and Portugese.

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