From the archive of struggle no.50: the thin red line

All of these are second hand, mostly from Entdinglichung and some from Platypus and Caring Labor, but I’ve added some annotation. Some I might have already posted. I have organised it like this to make more explicit the “thin red line” of the political tradition this blog celebrates.

Karl Marx

Marx is the parent of most of the political traditions I take seriously. These are some good texts for thinking about his work.
*To make the world philosophical (from Marx’s dissertation, 1839–41)
*For the ruthless criticism of everything existing (1843)
*selections from Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts (1844)
*Theses on Feuerbach (1845)

William Morris and the Socialist League
Morris is probably Britain’s finest Marxist theorist until EP Thompson. He developed a unique ecological and libertarian form of Marxism still relevant today. In Germany, Gustav Landauer developed a strikingly similar philosophy.
*William Morris: Revolutionary Calendar: Wat Tyler (1888)
* William Morris: Development of Modern Society (Part 1) (1890)
* William Morris: Development of Modern Society (Part 2) (1890)
* William Morris: Development of Modern Society (Part 3) (1890)
* William Morris: Development of Modern Society (Part 4) (1890)
* William Morris: Development of Modern Society (Part 5) (1890)
* Gustav Landauer: Anarchismus – Sozialismus (1895, pdf-Datei)

Democratic socialism in America
The Socialist Party in America flourished between 1900 and the first red scare immediately after WWI. Its main leader was Eugene Debs.
* Socialist Party of WashingtonConstitution of the Socialist Party of Washington (1901)
* Socialisti: An Appeal to Investigating Committee of the NEC (1915)

Sylvia Pankhurst was active in the East End of London speaking at many meetings and organising for changeSylvia Pankhurst and anti-parliamentary communism

Pankhurst is mainly remembered today as a feminist, so it is greatly to MIA’s credit that they are publishing a lot of work from her communist period. The movement she led, the Workers Socialist Federation, is one of Britain’s most under-appreciated radical movements, an overwhelmingly working class formation based in the East End of London but linked to anti-colonial and communist projects globally.
* Sylvia Pankhurst: Thoughts on Easter Week (1916)
* Sylvia Pankhurst: Education of the Masses (1918)
* Sylvia Pankhurst: Future Society (1923)

Karl Korsch, Anon Pannekoek and council communism
Korsch and Pannekoek were contemporaries of Pankhurst’s, and in many ways her movement in Britain paralleled the Dutch and German traditions of left communism.
* Anton Pannekoek: Carta a Sylvia Pankhurst (1922)
*Karl Korsch: “Marxism and Philosophy” (1923)
*Korsch: “The Marxism of the First International” (1924)

facsimileWorking class libertarian resistance to the emerging Communist dictatorship
Kronstadt Izvestia 1-14 (1921)
* Victor Serge: Kronstadt ’21 (1945)
* Ida Mett: The Kronstadt Commune (1938)
* Maurice Brinton: Preface to Ida Mett’s „The Kronstadt Commune“ (1967)
* Ante Ciliga: The Kronstadt Revolt (1938)
* Alexander Berkman: The Kronstadt Rebellion (1922)

Victor Serge and the POUM
The Spanish revolution, pitting anarchists and Marxists against the Stalinists, was Kronstadt writ large, and it was no coincidence that it led to an explosion of interest in Kronstadt, as the anti-Stalinist left, represented by Victor Serge and Andreu Nin of the POUM, as well as Ciliga and the anarchists, saw the parallels. Trotsky and his followers defended the repression in Kronstadt and failed to adequately support the POUM in their fight in Spain. Serge and the POUM became the focus of a global web of dissident Marxists outside the emerging Trotskyist movement, including Orwell and the ILP in Britain and Pivert in France. La Bataille Socialiste has done wonderful work in recent years to excavate this movement.
* Michael Seidman: Workers Against Work. Labor in Paris and Barcelona During the Popular Fronts (1990)
* Michael Seidman: L’individualisme subversif des femmes à Barcelone, années 1930(1992)
* Michael Seidman: Pour une histoire de la résistance ouvrière au travail. Paris et Barcelone pendant le Front populaire français et la Révolution espagnole, 1936-1938 (2001)
* Andreu Nin: La situación política, el peligro fascista y la necesidad del Frente Único del Proletariado (1931)
* Andreu Nin: El proletariado espaóol ante la revolución (1932)
* Andreu Nin: Los Soviets: Su origen, función y desarrollo (1932)
* Andreu Nin: Reacción y Revolución en España (1933)
* Andreu Nin: Derrotas desmoralizadoras y derrotas fecundas (1935)
* Andreu Nin: Los movimientos de emancipación nacional (1935)
* Andreu Nin: La Conferencia de Unidad Sindical (1936)
* Andreu Nin: La Revolución de Octubre (1937)
* Andreu Nin: Los órganos de poder y la revolución española (1937)
* La Révolution prolétarienne: Réponse du POUM à un article de la Pravda et de l’Humanité (1937)
* Marceau Pivert: Exclus, pourquoi ? (1937)
* George Orwell: Spanische Erfahrungen (1938, pdf-Datei)
* Ignacio Iglesias: España, ayer y hoy. A propósito de la reedición de un libro de Joaquín Maurín (1968)
* Théo Bernard/JulianGorkin/Maurice Nadeau/Pierre Naville/Gérard Rosenthal/David Rousset/Alfred Rosmer: Pour la mise à nu complète des crimes de Staline et de ses complices (1961)

Anarchism between the wars
After Kronstadt and the exile of anarchists like Berkman and Voline from the Soviet state, the anarchists definitively parted ways with the Communist tradition, but increasingly at the time of the Spanish revolution there were close contacts between the anarchist movement and anti-Stalinist marxists, especially in the groups around Serge and the Poum.
* Alexander Berkman: ABC of Anarchism (1929)
* Voline: Synthèse anarchiste (1934)
* Rudolf Rocker: Durruti in Berlin (?)

Ante Ciliga
Ciliga, like Serge a veteran of the Bolshevik years, was one of the first to clearly set out the catestrophe of its legacy.
* Ante Ciliga: L’instruction judiciaire en URSS, comme je l’ai vue (1937)
* Ante Ciliga: Pensées en prison sur Lénine (1950)

Leon Trotsky: icon of anti-Stalinism
Despite his flaws, Trotsky was a key figure in the world-wide resistance to Stalinism in the 1930s.
* Leo Trotzki: I stake my life! (1937)

The Johnson-Forest tendency and its heirs
The Johnson-Forest tendency, led by Raya Dunayevskaya (aka Ria Stone/Freddie Forest) with CLR James, emerged from within the orthodox Trotskyist movement in the US, but was a major influence on Socialisme ou Barbarie in France (through their close relationship with Cornelius Castoriadis), and many of the radical movements of the American rustbelt in the post-war years. Via Selma James, they also linked closely to the Italian autonomists and the Marxist feminist movement associated with Autonomia.
* Ria Stone: La reconstruction de la société (I) 7:67-81 (pdf-Datei)
* Raya Dunayevskaya: Revolution and Counter-Revolution in Hungary (1956)
* Martin Glaberman: Ghetto riots in the USA (1965)
* Martin Glaberman: “Be his payment high or low”: the American working class in the sixties (1965)

* Martin Glaberman: The Dodge Revolutionary Union Movement (1969)
*Mariarosa Dalla Costa: “Women and the Subversion of the Community” (1971)
*Selma James: “Women, the Unions and Work, Or…What Is Not To Be Done” (1973)
*Selma James: “Sex, Race and Class” (1975)
*Mariarosa Dalla Costa: “Capitalism and Reproduction” (2004)
*Silvia Federici: “Precarious Labor and Reproductive Work” (2006)

Maurice Brinton
Another greatly under-appreciated figure being increasingly remembered today, he was the key figure in Britain’s Solidarity group, and was responsible for the transmission of much of Cornelius Castoriadis’ work into the English-speaking world.
* Maurice Brinton: Portuguese Diary 1: August 1975 (1975)
* Maurice Brinton: Portuguese Diary 2: 1976 (1976)

Cover PageThe first new left
The first British new left emerged from the discredited Communist Party in the wake of the Stalinist counter-revolution in Hungary in 1956. Among its key figures were Ralph Miliband and EP Thompson. They worked closely with Belgian marxist Marcel Liebman.
* E.P. Thompson: Socialist Humanism (1957)
* E.P. Thompson: Agency and Choice – I (1958)
* E.P. Thompson: NATO, Neutralism and Survival (1958)
* Ralph Milliband: Who Governs Britain? (1958)
* Ralph Milliband: The Politics of Contemporary Capitalism (1958)
* Ralph Milliband: The Transition to the Transition (1958)
* Ralph Milliband: The Yugoslav Programme (1959)
* E.P. Thompson: The Yugoslav Programme (1959)
* E.P. Thompson: Commitment in Politics (1959)
* E.P. Thompson: The New Left (1959)
* E.P. Thompson: A Psessay in Ephology (1959)
* E.P. Thompson: William Morris (1959)
* Ralph Milliband: Socialism and the Myth of the Golden Past (1964)
* Marcel Liebman: 1914: The Great Schism (1964)
* E.P. Thompson: The Peculiarities of the English (1965)
* Ralph Milliband: Marx and the State (1965)
* Ralph Milliband: What Does the Left Want? (1965)
* Marcel Liebman: The Crisis of Belgian Social Democracy (1966)
* Ralph Milliband: The Labour Government and Beyond (1966)
* Ralph Milliband: Vietnam and Western Socialism (1967)
* E.P. Thompson: Vietnam and Western Socialism (1967)
*Leszek Kolakowski: “The Concept of the Left” (1968)
* Ralph Milliband: Lenin’s The State and Revolution (1970)
* Marcel Liebman: Israel, Palestine and Zionism (1970)
* E.P. Thompson: An Open Letter to Leszek Kolakowski (1973)
* Ralph Milliband/Alan Howkins: Stalin and After (1973)
* Ralph Milliband: The Coup in Chile (1973)
* Marcel Liebman: Bukharinism, Revolution & Social Development (1975)
* Ralph Milliband: Political Forms and Historical Materialism (1975)
* Ralph Milliband: Moving On (1976)
* E.P. Thompson: Eleanor Marx (1976)
* E.P. Thompson: Caudwell (1977)
* Ralph Milliband: Constitutionalism and Revolution (1978)
* Ralph Milliband: A Commentary on Rudolf Bahro’s Alternative (1979)
* Ralph Milliband: Military Intervention and Socialist Internationalism (1980)
* Ralph Milliband: Ruth First (1982)
* Ralph Milliband: Socialist Advance in Britain (1983)
* Ralph Milliband/Marcel Liebman: Reflections on Anti-Communism (1984)
* Ralph Milliband/Marcel Liebman: Beyond Social Democracy (1984)
* Marcel Liebman: ‘Reformism Yesterday and Social Democracy Today’ (1985)
* Ralph Milliband: Freedom, Democracy and the American Alliance (1987)
* Ralph Milliband/Leo Panitch: Socialists and the ‘New Conservatism’ (1987)
* Ralph Milliband: Counter-Hegemonic Struggles (1990)
* Ralph Milliband: What Comes After Communist Regimes? (1991)
* Ralph Milliband: Thirty Years of The Socialist Register (1994)
* Ralph Milliband: Harold Laski’s Socialism (1995)
* Leo Panitch: Ralph Miliband, Socialist Intellectual, 1924-1994 (1995)
Ralph Miliband: A Select Bibliography in English (1995)

The next new left
After the first wave of the new left, in Britain after 1956, a second wave occurred, more radically challenging some of the fundamental assumptions of the old left.
*André Gorz, from Strategy for Labor (1964)
*Martin Nicolaus, “The Unknown Marx” (1968)
*Murray Bookchin, Listen, Marxist! (1969)
*Bayard Rustin: “The Failure of Black Separatism” (1970)

Alliance for Workers Liberty
Sean Matgamna’s unorthodox Trotskyist group, emerging from the IS but influenced by the Johnson-Forest tradition.
* Pat Longman: Women’s Experience and Socialism (~ 1979)
Socialist OrganiserA working-class feminist on Islington Council (1982)
* Sean Matgamna: Gerry Healy’s Socialist Labour League: a Caricature of Trotskyism(1967)
* John O’Mahony: Arthur Scargill and Jimmy Reid („From a Red to a Rat“) (1984)
Socialist OrganiserBanned by the Labour Party! Survey of the Labour Left in the 1980s by outlawed Marxists (1990)

More here.

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2 CommentsLeave a comment

  1. […] Horst Mahlers « Entdinglichung — bei Jürgen Elsässer auf den Spuren Horst MahlersFrom the archive of struggle no.50: the thin red line « Poumista bei Neues aus den Archiven der radikalen (und nicht so radikalen) Linkenentdinglichung bei 75 […]

  2. Tremendous blog

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