First, a link to a book review – A Hidden History of National Liberation: Ngo Van’s In the Crossfire, AK Press. Really interesting stuff.
Now, it’s good to have Entdinglichung back, who has this up:
More catching-up on old stuff recently made available online, today it is about stuff from France from groups „beyond“ stalinism and social democracy:
Bataille Socialiste reminds us, that a number of issues of the left-socialist underground journal L’Insurgé which was produced by a group in the Lyon area around Marie-Gabriel Fugère has been made available online by Gallica:
* Two issues of Organisation Libertaire
* The first La Voix du travail , of the AIT, August 1926
* The first six issues of La Revue Anarchiste, 1929-1930
News stuff from the RaDAR from the vaults of the French section of the Fourth International:
* The first 14 issues of La Lutte de classes, the clandestine journal of Groupe communiste 1942-44, the group around Alexander Korner (Barta) which finally evolved into Lutte ouvrière
Zunächst eine „Entschuldigung“, da es rein zeitlich und materiell nicht mehr leistbar ist, wird es in absehbarer Zukunft keine Updates mit dem Titel „Neues aus den Archiven der radikalen (und weniger radikalen) Linken“ mehr geben, stattdessen werde ich versuchen, mehr Qualität statt Quantität zu bringen und (thematisch mehr fokussiert) einzelne frisch online gestellte Archivalien vorzustellen, hier also drei Lesehinweise zur spanischen Revolution, gefunden aufLibCom:
Workers Against Work: Labor in Paris and Barcelona During the Popular Fronts (1991) von Michael Seidman ist inzwischen auch in deutscher Sprache erschienen (einen Auszug hier), die vollständige englischsprachige Fassung gibt es auf LibCom als pdf- oder html-Fassung
Class, Culture and Conflict in Barcelona, 1898-1937 (2005) von Chris Ealham
The Friends of Durruti Group: 1937-39 (1996) von Agustin Guilamòn
And, below the fold, some recent additions to the Marxist Internet Archive.
*Adding to the growing collection of American left magazines around the time of the Russian Revolution and the eventual founding of the Communist Party in 1919, we’ve added to the publications section of the MIA, the first two volumes of The New Review. Over the almost 4 years of its existence (1913 – 1916) it represented both the Center to far Left of the Socialist Party of America. The magazine was active in attempting to make sense of the hot button issues of syndicalism and mass action in 1913, maintaining a sympathetic posture. It provided a forum for the writing of two of the principals of left wing New York literary-artistic magazine The Masses, Max Eastman and Floyd Dell. It dealt extensively with the issues of feminism, American intervention in Mexico, the growth of militarism, the role of the International Socialist movement in the war and was one of the first left journals in the U.S. to deal with the “Negro Question” and the fight against racism. / Added as part of the Riazanov Project on digitization of early American Socialist and Communist journals, is the complete 1913-1914 year run of the Left-Socialist The New Review: Included among it’s many writers were the cream of the U.S. left-intellectual milieu of the pre-WWI period including Louis C. Fraina, Upton Sinclair, Herman Simpson, Louis B. Boudin, William English Walling, Moses Oppenheimer, William E. Bohn, Frank Bohn, and Isaac Hourwich.
*Added to the POUM History Archive: Saving the Democratic Republic or Socialist Revolution?, 14 October 1936 / Added to Spanish Andreu Nin archive: Los movimientos de emancipación nacional (1935) / Into the Archivo Joaquín Maurín de: Hacia la segunda revolución (1935)
*Added to the Raya Dunayevskaya Archive: A Letter to Natalia Trotsky on the Theory of State Capitalism, 1947 / If This Isn’t Madness, What Is It?, November 1961
*25 September 2011: Added to the new Pierre Broué Archive:
Germany 1921: The March Action (1964)
Trotsky and the Spanish Revolution (1967)
The History of the Bolshevik Party (CP) of the USSR (1971) (part of book):
Walter Held (1979) (short biography of young German Trotskyist executed by the Stalinists in Russia in 1941)
Rudolf Klement (1971) (short biography of young German Trotskyist murdered by Stalinist agents in Paris in 1938)
The Parti Socialiste Révolutionnaire (1982)
Bolivia, 9 April 1952: A Forgotten ‘February Revolution’? (1983)
Chen Duxiu and the Fourth International, 1937–1942 (1983)
The German Left and the Russian Opposition (1926–28) (1985)
The Italian Communist Party, the War and the Revolution (1987)
The ‘May Days’ of 1937 in Barcelona (1988)
*Added to the new Ludvik Hass Archive: Breaking with the Old Version of the History of the CPSU and the USSR (1993) (review article about a Russian book that breaks from the traditional Soviet account of Trotskyism)
*Added to the new Charlie Van Gelderen Archive in the Encyclopaedia of Trotskyism On-Line (ETOL): Ernest Mandel – Revolutionary Socialist in Theory and Practice (1995) (obituary) / Trotskyism in Italy (1995) (letter)
*Added to the USA History Publications Index are two important journals of the early 20th Century revolutionary movement. Presented in high resolution scans in PDF format: The Ohio Socialist [1918-1919] and The Toiler [1919 – 1922] Both publications were representative of the left wing of the Socialist Party of Ohio. The Toiler was the continuation of The Ohio Socialist but as a full-fledged journal of the newly born Communist Labor Party lead by John Reed and James P. Cannon, among others. [The digitization of these journals was the result of a collaboration between the Marxists Internet Archive and Dr. Marty Goodman and Robin Palmer of the The Riazanov Project]
*Added to the Encyclopedia of Trotskyism On-Line are the completed table of contents for the entire run of the The Militant for all of 1934. This includes the day-by-day coverage of both the Trotskyist lead Minneapolis Teamster Strikes and the strikes by the Toledo Auto-Lite workers that year. / 1938 Socialist Appeal [Newspaper of the US Socialist Workers Party. These are very high resolution scans in PDF format. They average about 30mb in size.] [The digitization of these journals is a project of the Left Opposition Digitization Project a collaboration between the Marxists Internet Archive, the Holt Labor Library and Dr. Marty Goodman and Robin Palmer of the The Riazanov Project]
*Added to the Cajo Brendel Internet Archive: The Working Class Uprising in East-Germany June 1953, 1953
*Added to the Early American Marxism Archive has added the following set of documents from 1900 and 1919:
Open Letter to Theodore Debs of the Social Democratic Party in Chicago from William Butscher of the Social Democratic Party in Springfield, Dec. 15, 1900. The road to unity between the two organizations calling themselves the Social Democratic Party of America was neither simple nor the road straight. Despite fielding a joint ticket of Debs (Chicago SDP) and Harriman (Springfield SDP) in the November 1900 Presidential campaign, obstacles remained to the achievement of organic unity of the two parties.
An Address to Populists Setting Forth the Difference between the Populist Movement and the Socialist Movement — Populists Should Join the SDP, but They Must Realize What It Means,” by “Wage Earner” [Jan. 5, 1901] A lengthy appeal from the Springfield Social Democratic Party paper St. Louis Labor, calling for disaffected left wing members of the faltering People’s Party to join the Social Democratic Party of America.
Constitution of the Socialist Party of Washington.” [as adopted by referendum vote, Nov. 15, 1901]. The early Socialist Party of America was a federation of state organizations, with a loose and delimited central organization. This is the first state constitution adopted by what would emerge as one of the strongest state organizations of the Debsian era, the Socialist Party of Washington.
“Socialist Party of Washington State Constitution.” [as amended July 1903] Beginning in 1903 the National Office of the Socialist Party of America began to be regularized, selling dues stamps and tracking the number of paid memberships in its state affiliates. The state parties themselves, however, remained largely autonomous — joined as a loose federation under the aegis of the national party.
“An Object Lesson in Referendums,” Hermon F. Titus [May 4, 1905] Although controlled by adherents of the ideology of the Socialist Party’s Left Wing from its earliest days, the Socialist Party of Washington was the scene of a non-stop factional war, driven by the Center-Right minority that controlled Seattle’s King County organization. Godfather of Washington’s majority Left Wing was former Baptist preacher turned Seattle newspaper publisher Hermon F. Titus.
Introduction to the Official Report of the Chicago Convention,” by John Reed and Benjamin Gitlow [circa Sept. 15, 1919] Close political associates Reed and Gitlow, hardline anti-Russian Federation folk, provide here an introduction to an official publication of the Communist Labor Party detailing the events of its founding convention for its members. The pair call for an end to the six months of “ceaseless bickering” between Right and Left which dominated discourse in the old Socialist Party and which now seemed to be continuing between the CLP and the rival Communist Party of America.
The Capitalists Challenge You, Workingmen! Proclamation of the Communist Party of America.” [Oct. 1919] This is one of the first agitational leaflets produced and circulated by the Communist Party of America, directed at striking steel workers in Gary, Indiana.
The German-Speaking Branches in New York: Most of the German-Speaking Comrades True to the Socialist Party are Reorganizing — Others Divide Up Between Communist and Communist Labor Parties,” by G.A. Hoehn [Oct. 1, 1919] Socialist Party Regular G.A. “Gus” Hoehn, editor of St. Louis Labor, gets his German-American readership up to date with affairs in the Socialist Party’s German-language branches in New York in the aftermath of the September 1919 party split. Hoehn details the story of Ludwig Lore, formerly an IWW organizer who became Herman Schlueter’s successor as editor of the daily newspaper of the German Federation, the New Yorker Volkszeitung. “When John Reed, Fraina, and others decided to put the Socialist Party on wings, Lore joined the ‘Left Wing,’ which was his privilege.
Confidential Circular Letter of the CPA’s “Proletarian Club” Minority to its Supporters. [circa Oct. 15, 1919] A split of the Communist Party of America between its rather incongruous “Federationist” and “Marxian Educationalist” factions seems to have been in the cards from the date of the organization’s establishment, owing in large measure to the latter group’s certainty of its ideological correctness and revulsion for the idea of compromise.
Letter to Johnson H. Meek in Yarrow, MO from William L. Garver, State Secretary of the SP of Missouri in Springfield, MO, October 16, 1919.” The State Secretary of the Socialist Party of Missouri William Garver justifies the Socialist Party of America’s decision to proceed to a split at its 1919 Emergency National Convention in this letter to a party member elsewhere in the state. “
U.S. Senate Resolution No. 213.” [adopted Oct. 17, 1919] J. Edgar Hoover’s campaign for the arrest and deportation of alien radicals did not occur in a political vacuum, this resolution of the United States Senate makes clear.
Letter to E.M. Wormley in St. Joseph, MO from William L. Garver, State Secretary, Socialist Party of Missouri in Springfield, October 18, 1919.” Open letter from the State Secretary of the Socialist Party of Missouri, William Garver, to a member of Local St. Joseph explaining the causes of the 1919 Left Wing split as he understood them.
Confidential Letter to Anthony Caminetti in Washington, DC from J. Edgar Hoover in Washington, DC, Oct. 30, 1919.” With political and popular pressure growing for the federal government to take action against alien radicals, J. Edgar Hoover, a young Special Assistant to Attorney General Mitchell Palmer, was eager to accommodate.
Telegram to Special Agents in Charge of Offices of the Bureau of Investigation from J. Edgar Hoover in Washington in the name of BoI Chief Frank Burke, November 6, 1919.” While the so-called “Palmer Raids” of January 2/3, 1920 are best remembered by historians and in the public mind, this was actually the second of J. Edgar Hoover’s mass dragnets against the non-citizen radicals in America.
Statistics of the Nov. 7, 1919 Operation Against the Union of Russian Workers: A Memorandum by J. Edgar Hoover.” In January 1920, Special Assistant to the Attorney General J. Edgar Hoover, chief figure in the Wilson Administration’s repressive activity against the non-citizen radical movement in the United States, was able to tally the statistics for the mass operation conducted against the anarchist political organization the Union of Russian Workers.
Speech Honoring the 2nd Anniversary of the Bolshevik Revolution: Brownsville Labor Lyceum, NYC — Nov. 7, 1919,” by James Oneal There are a number of reasons that the Socialist Party split in 1919. Not included on this list was any difference in viewpoint between Socialist Party Regulars and Left Wing Socialists over the nature and fundamental justice of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia.
Department of Justice Press Release on the Mass Arrest Campaign Against the Union of Russian Workers, Nov. 8, 1919.” J. Edgar Hoover was never one to miss an opportunity to publicize his activities. This is the press release prepared by the Department of Justice for American newspapers explaining their coordinated mass raids against the anarchist Union of Russian Workers which took place in the evening of November 7.
Statement of the Experience of George A. Evans, a Former Teacher at the People’s House, 133 East 15th Street, Telling of the Brutal Treatment of the Police in the Raid Made There Nov. 7, 1919.” This is the account of a victim of the November 7, 1919 Department of Justice coordinated mass raids against the Union of Russian Workers — testimony taken by friends of the URW about a week after the fact and preserved in the archives of the DoJ’s Bureau of Investigation. George A. Evans had been conducting an English language class at the “People’s House,” headquarters of the URW in New York City.
“Report to the United States Senate in Response to Senate Res. No. 213 from Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer, Nov. 14, 1919.” With the US Senate breathing down his neck to take repressive action against the radical movement in America, Attorney General Mitchell Palmer was forced to show progress by reporting to Congress in accord with Senate Resolution 213.
Confidential Letter to Anthony Caminetti in Washington, DC from J. Edgar Hoover in Washington, DC, Nov. 19, 1919.” Concerned that lawyers for accused anarchists had been advising those arrested to “under no condition make any statement concerning their affiliations or their connections or activities,” the Department of Justice’s chief of anti-Red operations, Edgar Hoover sent this confidential inquiry to Immigration chief Anthony Caminetti seeking advice as to whether the practice of advising arrested suspects of their right to counsel at the beginning of hearings was a formal rule of the immigration service, an act of Congress, or simply a common practice initiated by the Department of Labor.
“Fraina to Discuss New Party Policies.” [article in Cleveland Socialist News, March 1, 1919] This brief news article in the organ of Local Cuyahoga County SPA documents the touring efforts of Louis C. Fraina on behalf of the program of the newly organized Left Wing Section of the Socialist Party.
“Packed Meeting Holds Up Action on Left Wing Program.” [event of March 16, 1919] News account from the Cleveland Socialist News of a March 16, 1919 meeting of Local Cuyahoga County addressed by Louis C. Fraina. Fraina sought the Local — the largest unit of the Socialist Party of Ohio — to endorse the Manifesto and Program of the Left Wing Section of the Socialist Party.
“Eugene V. Debs’ Speech at West Side Turn Hall, Cleveland, Wednesday, March 19, 1919.” Stenographic news account of the March 19, 1919, farewell speech of Socialist orator and publicist Eugene V. Debs before an audience of 3,000 in Cleveland, Ohio. Debs declares that the working class paid the economic and physical costs of the recently concluded European war but that it was the master class making the terms of peace. “Russia is making a beginning; the Soviet is just an example,” Debs states, allowing that the Bolsheviks “have shed some blood, they have made some mistakes, and I am glad they have. When you consider for a moment that the ruling class press of the world has been vilifying Lenin and Trotsky, you can make up your mind that they are the greatest statesmen in the modern world.” He deems his forthcoming imprisonment to be a necessary tribute to be paid to the revolutionary cause.
“Socialists for Constitutional Methods: In Fighting Spirit… Socialist Convention Arouses General Interest… Splendid Speeches by Hillquit, Stedman, and Others…”[events of May 8-12, 1920] Unsigned news account of the 1920 National Convention of the Socialist Party of America published in the Buffalo, New York weekly, The New Age — a paper loyal to the SPA’s Regular wing. The article claims that while the SPA’s membership had fallen to just 24,000 in September 1919, it had subsequently rebounded to 40,000 (an outright fabrication, internal party documents have subsequently revealed).
“Debs and the Socialist Party.” (commentary in The Toiler) [July 2, 1920] This article from the front page of the United Communist Party’s “legal” labor weekly attempts to gauge the mindset of Gene Debs, fiery orator and icon of American Socialism. In the inner-party conflict of 1919, the “Right Wing leaders of the party in control of the party machinery overrode all the constitutional provisions and rules of the party and expelled the Left Wing,” in the summary view of the unnamed writer, adding “Either one group or the other had to leave the party.
“Letter to Eugene V. Debs at Atlanta Federal Prison from Morris Hillquit at Saranac Lake, NY, June 30, 1920.” At its most critical juncture, fighting a two front war between government repression and factional strife, the Socialist Party of America found its two top factional peacemakers out of action, with Morris Hillquit at a sanitarium in upstate New York attempting to recover from tuberculosis while fiery orator Gene Debs continued his prison stay in Atlanta.
“Seymour Stedman: Socialist Candidate for Vice-President,” by William M. Feigenbaum [June 17, 1920] Campaign biography of the Socialist Party of America’s 1920 candidate for Vice President of the United States by prominent Socialist Party journalist William Morris Feigenbaum. Although Stedman was a prominent lawyer in this period, his working class background and activity as a pioneer member of the Social Democracy of America is emphasized here, with nary a word about Stedman’s activity after being elected a member of the Illinois State Legislature in 1912.
“Communists Unite: An Appeal to the Rank and File of the Communist Party and the Communist Labor Party,” by Elmer T. Allison [October 29, 1919] Front page editorial from the October 29, 1919 issue of The Ohio Socialist.
Miners of America! Resist the Terrors of Your Masters! [March 1920] Full text of a rare leaflet directed at coal miners ahead of a scheduled April 1 strike, published by the Communist Party of America. The leaflet demands: “You must fight these organizations of the state and national governments for they are your mortal enemies. You cannot resist the power of the army by armed force for the simple reason that you haven’t the equipment to fight with, but you can prevent them entering the coal fields if you CAN REACH THE RAILROAD WORKERS WITH YOUR MESSAGE AND CONVINCE THEM THAT TO RUN TRAINS CARRYING CONSTABULARY OR MILITIAMEN OR SOLDIERS IS AN ACT OF TREACHERY TO THE WORKING CLASS.”
“To the Russian Workers in America Relative to Recent Raids and Arrests: Proclamation of the Chicago District Committee of Russian Branches, CLP.” [published March 11, 1920] The early American Communist movement is sometimes simplistically viewed as divided between the “Foreign Federations” of the Communist Party of America and the “American and English-speaking” Communist Labor Party. In reality, the latter organization included substantial foreign language contingents, including in particular Russian and Croatian speakers from the Midwest.
“Partial Minutes of the Meeting of the Central Executive Committee of the Communist Party of America.” [April 15-19, 1920] Official “majority faction” account of the April 1920 split by C.E. Ruthenberg, Leonid Belsky, and Croatian Federation leader “Wood” from the Communist Party of America. Since Ruthenberg kept the original minutes and removed them when he bolted the organization, the version here was reconstituted from memory by his successor as Executive Secretary of the CPA, Charles Dirba.
“Partial Minutes of the Central Executive Committee of the Communist Party of America.” [May 21-23, 1920] Full minutes, sans a missing page or two, of the May 1920 plenary session of the governing Central Executive Committee of the Communist Party of America. Six meetings of the Executive Council had been held between this May session of the CEC and the April session at which C.E. Ruthenberg and his followers had split the organization. The actions of that subcommittee were ratified by the full CEC here.
“Letter to the Executive Committees of the Communist Party of America and the Communist Labor Party of America from the Executive Committee of the Communist International.”[June 1920] The relations between the Communist International and the American Communist movement during its first decade of existence may very nearly be reduced to a simple theme: the Comintern sought party unity and an end to factionalism; the American Communist factions each sought to use the Comintern as a cudgel to annihilate their factional opponents.
“Speeches to the 4th World Congress of the Comintern on the Negro Question,” by Otto Huiswoud and Claude MacKay [Nov. 25, 1922] The 4th World Congress of the Comintern of 1922 marked the first time a plenary session of that organization dealt with the so-called “Negro Problem.” The report of the CI’s Negro Commission and its proposed resolution was delivered in a speech by American Communist Party delegate Otto Huiswoud, to which was added additional commentary by fraternal delegate Claude McKay of the African Blood Brotherhood.
Resolution of the 5th Enlarged Plenum of ECCI on the American Question.” [adopted April 6, 1925] The 5th Enlarged Plenum of ECCI included a special American Commission, per usual, to attempt to mediate and resolve the ongoing factional war in the American Communist movement, per usual.