From the archive of struggle; new at MIA

Some texts newly up at the Marxist Internet Archive.

Added to the new Ken Coates Archive in the Encyclopaedia of Trotskyism On-Line (ETOL). [These are mostly texts from International Socialism, then close to entering its golden age. As they wrote in 1961: “Readers will recognize Ken Coates as one who has had a varied career. A miner for nine years from the age of sixteen, he won a state scholarship for a prize winning essay on Sean O’Casey, which took him to Nottingham University to study English. He now lectures in sociology in the university’s extramural department. While a miner he was on the Executive Committee of the Young Communist League and was active in the National Union of Mineworkers. He left the CP in 1953 to rejoin later as an opposition member. He left it finally in 1956. At university, he was secretary of the National Association of Labour Students’ Organizations, editor of its paper Clarion, and a major force in revitalizing that body. He has been excluded more than once from the Labour Party.” It is a good indicator of the relative lack of sectarianism of the IS then that they published so much by Coates, who was, as they rightly saw him, a left reformist, more syampathetic to both labourism and Stalinism than they were.]
*Spluttering Taper (1961) (book review) [on Abdurakhman Avtorkhanov (aka Alexander Uralov) on Stalin]
*Socialism and the division of labour – Some notes on the views of Paul Cardan (1961) [Cardan was the pen-name of Cornelius Castoriadis.]
*Caribbean Pilgrim (1961) [This is a fascinating and wonderfully written criticism of Theodore Draper’s criticisms of Fidel Castro. Although not uncritical himself, Coates, like the IS at the time, was still enamoured with Castroism, seeing it as a sexy democratic alternative to Stalinism, as brilliantly sketched in an early chapter of Hitch-22.]
*Reform and Revolution – Rejoinder 1 (1962) [A polemic with Alasdair MacIntyre on the nature of the Soviet Union.]
*Incomes Policy and Class Power (1966)
*Workers’ Control Conference (1969) [A response to the IS’s Raymond Challinor, on whom see below]
*Peter Fryer (1929–2006) (2008) (obituary)

Added to the Brian Pearce Archive:
*Marxism and the Asiatic Mode of Production (2002) (letter)
*The Asiatic Mode of Production (2003) (letter)

Added to the new Raymond Challinor Archive in the Encyclopaedia of Trotskyism On-Line (ETOL). [These are short historical notes on revolutionary history from late in Challinor’s life.
*Bernard Dix (1996) (letter)
*Rocking the Boat (1996) (book review) [on Les Forster]
*Frank Maitland (2002) (letter)

Added to the Christian Rakovsky Archive:
*The Origins of the Potemkin Mutiny (1908). [Rayakovsky was later an important oppositionist to Stalinism but in 1908 was part of the emerging group within the Social Democratic movement that would define orthodox Marxism and then give birth to Bolshevism. Details on the writing of this text are here.]

Added to the new Pierre Broué Archive [Broué was an orthodox but maverick Trotskyist, who has done very interesting historical work on the movement.]
*Remarks on the History of the Bolshevik Party (1962)
*Spartacism, Bolshevism and Ultra-Leftism in Face of the Problems of the Proletarian Revolution in Germany (1918–1923) (1972) [Defence of doctoral thesis.]
*The “Bloc” of the Oppositions against Stalin in the USSR in 1932 (1980) [“Pierre Broué’s Bloc of The Oppositions first appeared in the Cahiers Léon Trotsky, no. 5, January–March 1980. It was significant for a number of reasons. First, the article not only reinforced our awareness of the degree of opposition to Stalin in what for him was the troubled year of 1932 but emphasized its aspiration to unity. Second, Broué documented for the first time that links existed between Trotsky and non-Trotskyist opposition groups inside the Soviet Union. Third, he was able to demonstrate that the later terror had its roots in earlier difficulties: the charges in the Trial of the Sixteen in 1936 were not simply pathological inventions but had some rational basis in the events of 1932. Fourth, the research undertaken by Broué and his team from Grenoble at Harvard confirmed the necessity for continuing archival research. Isaac Deutscher had earlier worked in the closed archive but The Prophet Outcast, while referring to Trotsky correspondence at this time, makes no reference to these matters.”]
*Walter Held (1979) (short biography of young German Trotskyist executed by the Stalinists in Russia in 1941)
*Rudolf Klement (1971) (short biography of young German Trotskyist murdered by Stalinist agents in Paris in 1938)
*The Socialist Youth in Spain (1934–1936) – When Carrillo was a Leftist (1983)
*The Bolshevik-Leninist Faction (1988) [This is on one of the early Communist oppositionist groups.]
*Kurt Landau (1988) [Born on 29 January 1903 in Vienna (Austria); disappeared in Barcelona (Spain), September 1937. Member of the Austrian Communist Party, then of various Left Opposition groups in Vienna, Berlin and Paris. Member of the POUM in 1936.]
*Van Heijenoort – A Trotskyist in New York in the Second World War (1990)
*In Germany for the International (1993) (Leon Sedov’s experiences in Germany)
*Trotskyism in Poland (1996) (letter)
*Five Years On (1997) (The situation in the Comintern in 1924)

Update of the Revolutionary History Mirror including complete contents of:
Vol. 5 No. 2. Germany 1918–23: From the November Revolution to the Failed October (1994) (almost complete)
Vol. 6 No. 1. Trotskyism in Poland (1995) (almost complete)
Vol. 8 No. 2. Mutiny: Disaffection and Unrest in the Armed Forces (2002) (complete)
Vol. 9 No. 4. Pierre Broué: Revolutionary Historian (2007) (complete)

Added to the PCF under the Occupation History Archive:
*This is the New Order, 6 May 1941

Added to the German Archiv Leo Trotzki: [Leon Trotsky]
*Über Brandler und Thalheimer (On Brandler and Thalheimer) (1929) (Criticism of Brandler and Thalheimer)
*Nochmals über Brandler und Thalheimer (Once again on Brandler and Thalheimer) (1913) (More criticism of Brandler Thalheimer)
*Rosa Luxemburg und die IV. Internationale (Rosa Luxemburg and the Fourth International) (1935) (Critique of attempts by the SAP and the KPO to claim the heritage of Rosa Luxemburg)

Added to the French  Boris Souvarine Archive:
*Nécessité « d’une » scission [1920] [This is Souvarine’s call for a break within the French socialist movement and turn into the Communist International of the revolutionary currents. Later, of course, Souvarine would become an anti-Bolshevik.]

Added to the Ludwik Hass Archive [These are all texts from or on the heroic history of Trotskyism in Poland.]
*Open Letter to Ozjasz Szechter (1977) / Trotskyism in Poland up to 1945 (1992) / Against All Odds – True to the Ideals of his Youth (1994)

Added to the Archivo Andreu Nin:
*Socialismo y nacionalismo – Consideraciones preliminares / Socialismo y nacionalismo – Calma, calma… Con los nacionalistas, no; con el nacionalismo, si. (1914) [These are polemics by the young Nin against  Antoni Ribas i Fabra (* Reus , 1879 – Cambrils , 1958), Catalan socialist, of whom the Spanish-language Wikipedia says this: “He moved to Barcelona to pursue his studies. Later he collaborated with The Socialist Magazine in Madrid , from 1903 to 1905, under the pseudonym of Mark Antony . In 1907 he joined in Paris with the group of Jean Jaurès ( L’Humanité ). That same year he attended the Congress in Stuttgart , as a representative of the Second International. A year later, in 1908 he returned to Barcelona closer to Pablo Iglesias , the PSOE and participate as a delegate to the union Solidaritat Obrera, published weekly  La Internacional  from 1908 to 1909. Also tried to create a Catalan and Balearic socialist Federation and was an active participant in the protests against the war in Morocco that led to the Tragic Week of Barcelona. Following these events returned to France. From 1920 to 1931 he held institutional places of little relevance. During the Second Spanish Republic was a member and Director General of the Ministry of Labour, marching in 1931 to Switzerland and in 1942 to Colombia where he worked at the University of Cauca. He returned to Catalonia in 1950.” These texts were written before Nin joined the the Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party (PSOE). My Spanish is not good enough to follow his argument, but I think he is arguing that socialists need to take Catalan national aspirations seriously.]
*Consideraciones sobre el problema de las nacionalidades (1932) [Nin returns to the same issues as a mature thinker, when he was part of the Izquierda Comunista de España and before his break with Trotsky. He argues strongly for the role of national self-determination (including that of Catalans), and against an abstract “ultra-left” internationalism that effectively does the work of the dominant ethnicity in a given nation-state. While claiming a Bolshevik orthodoxy for his ideas, he perhaps actually more closely resembles the Bundism of Vladimir Medem.]

Added to the Early American Marxism Archive the following set of 7 documents:
*“ Report of Proceedings of the Executive Committee of the Workingmen’s Party of the US,” by Philip Van Patten [August 6, 8, 11, 18, 1876] Minutes of the governing Executive Committee of the newly-organized Workingmen’s Party of the United States, forerunner of the Socialist Labor Party.
*“Let Us Build,” by Eugene V. Debs [Aug. 9, 1913] The Socialist Party’s great mediator, Gene Debs, attempts to patch up the factional war between radicals and moderates in this 1913 article from the SPA’s official bulletin. “We have heard and still hear a great deal about ‘the Reds’ and ‘the Yellows’ in the Socialist Party,” Debs remarks.
*“Lovestone’s Appeal to Party,” by Max Shachtman [Aug. 15, 1929] Jay Lovestone was expelled from the Communist Party USA late in June 1929 for violation of party discipline by leaving Moscow without permission and factional activity.
*“Shortcomings of Party Fractions in Language Work.” [June 1930] Official published statement on the activities of the non-English members of the Communist Party, USA. Even at this late date somewhat more than half of the party’s membership seems to have been participants in one of the CPUSA’s 16 “Language Bureaus.” The largest of these remained the Finnish, accounting for a reported 1800 members— more than double the membership of the next largest Language Bureau, the Yiddish-language Jewish Bureau.
*“Right Danger and Radicalization,” by Alfred Wagenknecht [June 21, 1930] Formerly the Executive Secretary of the Communist Labor Party and United Communist Party and the head of the Friends of Soviet Russia, by 1930 Alfred Wagenknecht had been largely shunted aside from a position of top leadership in the Communist Party. This article from the Daily Worker is written from the perspective of a rank-and-filer and discusses the party’s all-out propaganda campaign among its members against the so-called “Right Danger” in Wagenknecht’s own party group.
*“The Socialist Party City Convention: Groups in the SP— Perspectives of the Left Movement— The Line of the Communists,” by Will Herberg [events of Dec. 27-28, 1930] This is an assessment of the December 1930 New York City Convention of the Socialist Party of America written by one of the leaders of Jay Lovestone and Benjamin Gitlow’s Communist Party USA (Majority Group).

Added to the Raya Dunayevskaya Archive:

State Capitalism and the Bureaucrats, 1960 [The Socialist Leader (Glasgow), January 2, 1960]

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